We’re moving the GATK website, docs and forum to a new platform. Read the full story and breakdown of key changes on this blog.
If you happen to see a question you know the answer to, please do chime in and help your fellow community members. We encourage our fourm members to be more involved, jump in and help out your fellow researchers with their questions. GATK forum is a community forum and helping each other with using GATK tools and research is the cornerstone of our success as a genomics research community.We appreciate your help!
Test-drive the GATK tools and Best Practices pipelines on Terra
Check out this blog post to learn how you can get started with GATK and try out the pipelines in preconfigured workspaces (with a user-friendly interface!) without having to install anything.
OxoG oxidative artifacts
Oxidation of guanine to 8-oxoguanine is one of the most common pre-adapter artifacts associated with genomic library preparation, arising from a combination of heat, shearing, and metal contaminates in a sample (doi: 10.1093/nar/gks1443). The 8-oxoguanine base can pair with either cytosine or adenine, ultimately leading to G→T transversion mutations during PCR amplification.
This occurs when a G on the template strand is oxidized, giving it an affinity for binding to A rather than the usual C. Thus, PCR will introduce apparent G>T substitutions in read 1 and C>A in read 2. In the resulting alignments, a given G>T or C>A observation could either be:
- a true mutation
- an 8-oxoguanine artifact
- some other kind of artifact.
The variants (C→A)/(G→T) tend to occur in specific sequence contexts e.g. CCG→CAG (doi:10.1093/nar/gks1443). Although occurring at relatively low frequencies, these artifacts can have profound impacts on variant calling fidelity (doi:10.1093/nar/gks1443).